Seminars of the Focus Area Complex Systems

Prof. Dr. C. Beta, Prof. Dr. K. Dethloff, Prof. Dr. R. Engbert, Prof. Dr. M. Holschneider, Prof. Dr. W. Huisinga, Prof. Dr. Ralf Metzler, Prof. Dr. A. Pikovsky, Prof. Dr. S. Reich, Prof. Dr. M. Rosenblum, Prof. Dr. G. Rüdiger, Prof. Dr. T. Scheffer, Prof. Dr. F. Scherbaum, Prof. Dr. J. Selbig, Prof. Dr. F. Spahn

Seminar

Speaker: Gabriel Amselem, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Göttingen

Title: Random network peristalsis in the slime mold Physarum polycephalum (Joint Event with GRK 1558) * Colloquium on Complex and Biological Systems

Time: Fri, Apr 19, 2013, 10:15am

Place: bldg 28, room 0.108

Abstract:
Individuals can only function as integrated organisms when information and resources are shared across a body. Signals and substrates are commonly moved using fluids, often channeled through a network of tubes. Peristalsis is one mechanism for fluid transport, which is caused by a wave of cross-sectional contractions along a tube. We extend the concept of peristalsis from the canonical case of one tube to a random network. Transport is max- imized within the network when the wavelength of the peristaltic wave is of the order of the size of the network. The slime mold Physarum polycephalum grows as a random network of tubes, and our experiments confirm peristalsis is used by the slime mold to drive internal cytoplasmic flows. Comparisons of theoretically generated contraction patterns with the patterns exhibited by individuals of P. polycephalum demonstrate that individuals maximize internal flows by adapting patterns of contraction to size, thus, optimizing transport throughout an organism. This control of fluid flow may be the key to coordinating growth and behavior, including the dynamic changes in network architecture seen over time in an individual.

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Past NLD Seminars (1994-2007) & (2008 ...)

Students' seminar: Theoretical Physics, PIK, Modeling & TSA Berlin-Potsdam-Colloquia: PhysGesellschaft Berlin, TU Berlin, Pro Physik, AIP, AEI, MPI-KGF, GFZ, HMI, PIK, AWI, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Mathematik, DPG Disputationen, & Vorschau UP

Udo Schwarz, Zentrum für Dynamik komplexer Systeme,
Universität Potsdam, Campus Golm Karl-Liebknecht-Str. 24, 14476 Potsdam, building 28, room 2.107
Phone: (+49-331) 977-1658, Fax : (+49-331) 977-1045

Email: Udo.Schwarz AT uni-potsdam.de

DFG SFB 1294

DFG Sonderforschungsbereich 1294 Data assimilation

DFG SPP 1488

DFG Schwerpunktprogramm 1488 Planetmag


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